anther


anther
[18] Greek ánthos originally meant ‘part of a plant which grows above ground’ (this was the basis of the Homeric ‘metaphor’ translated as ‘flower of youth’, which originally referred to the first growth of beard on young men’s faces). Later it narrowed somewhat to ‘flower’. The adjective derived from it was anthērós, which was borrowed into Latin as anthēra, a noun meaning ‘medicine made from flowers’. In practice, herbalists often made such medicines from the reproductive part of the flower, and so anther came to be applied to the pollen-bearing part of the stamen. More remote semantically, but also derived from Greek ánthos, is anthology [17]. The second element represents Greek logíā ‘collecting’, a derivative of the verb legein ‘gather’ (which is related to legend and logic). The notion of a collection of flowers, anthologíā, was applied metaphorically to a selection of choice epigrams or brief poems: borrowed into English, via French anthologie or medieval Latin anthologia, it was originally restricted to collections of Greek verse, but by the mid 19th century its application had broadened out considerably. The parallel Latin formation, florilegium, also literally ‘collection of flowers’, has occasionally been used in English for ‘anthology’. => ANTHOLOGY

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anther — An ther, n. [F. anth[ e]re, L. anthera a medicine composed of flowers, fr. Gr. ? flowery, fr. anqei^n to bloom, a nqos flower.] (Bot.) That part of the stamen containing the pollen, or fertilizing dust, which, when mature, is emitted for the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anther — anther. См. пыльник. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • anther — (n.) 1550s, medical extract of flowers, from Fr. anthère, from Mod.L. anthera a medicine extracted from a flower, from Gk. anthera, fem. of antheros flowery, blooming, from anthos flower, from PIE root *andh to bloom (Cf. Skt. andhas herb,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • anther — ► NOUN ▪ the part of a flower s stamen that contains the pollen. ORIGIN Greek anthos flower …   English terms dictionary

  • anther — [an′thər] n. [Fr anthère < ModL anthera (in L, medicine composed of flowers) < Gr anthēros, blooming < IE * andher , a sprout, stalk < base * andh : see ANTHO ] the part of a stamen that produces and releases the pollen …   English World dictionary

  • anther — UK [ˈænθə(r)] / US [ˈænθər] noun [countable] Word forms anther : singular anther plural anthers biology the top part of a stamen of a flower that contains pollen (= a powder that is carried away by insects or the wind) …   English dictionary

  • anther — dulkinė statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Žiedo kuokelio dalis, kurioje susidaro žiedadulkės. atitikmenys: angl. anther rus. пыльник …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • anther — [18] Greek ánthos originally meant ‘part of a plant which grows above ground’ (this was the basis of the Homeric ‘metaphor’ translated as ‘flower of youth’, which originally referred to the first growth of beard on young men’s faces). Later it… …   Word origins

  • anther — noun Etymology: New Latin anthera, from Latin, medicine made from flowers, from Greek anthēra, from feminine of anthēros flowery, from anthos Date: circa 1706 the part of a stamen that produces and contains pollen and is usually borne on a stalk… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • anther — antheral, adj. antherless, adj. /an theuhr/, n. Bot. the pollen bearing part of a stamen. See diag. under flower. [1545 55; < NL anthera < L < Gk, fem. of antherós flowery; see ANTHESIS] * * * …   Universalium